Why Do I Get Full So Fast

Why Do I Get Full So Fast
A doctor listening to his patient's heartbeat with a stethoscope

Many readers are interested in the following topic: Early satiety: Why do I feel full so quickly. We are happy to note, that our authors have already studied the modern research about the topic you are interested in. Based on the information provided in the latest medical digests, modern research and surveys, we provide extensive answer. Keep reading to find out more.

Over time, early satiety can lead to nutritional deficiencies and associated health complications.

Early Satiety: Why Do I Feel So Full After a Few Bites?

Eating your favorite meals takes a major effort lately. You feel full after just a few bites. When you try to push through anyway to finish a normal-sized portion, you become nauseous and want to throw up.

You may have picked up a bug, but also you may have a symptom of another condition. This inability to eat a complete meal or feeling like your stomach is full after a small amount of food is called early satiety. Early satiety can make you undernourished, which is something you should take steps to avoid.

Could It Be Gastroparesis?

The most frequent cause of early satiety is a condition called gastroparesis. When your stomach is working right, it contracts to crush food, which it then sends to your intestines. But with gastroparesis, your stomach can’t contract like it should, so food builds up there instead. Gastroparesis can be caused by diabetes, cancer, and other diseases, infections, and surgery, just to name a few.

Apart from feeling full after a normal meal, you’ll often feel bloated (tight or swollen in your stomach) with gastroparesis. Other common symptoms are:

  • Stomach pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting. You may need to throw up hours after you last ate.
  • Shakiness, nervousness, and irritability. These feelings may result from your blood sugar level dropping because food stays in your stomach.
  • Constipation. You have fewer bowel movements, and they may hurt.
  • Heartburn. This feels like a burning sensation in your chest.
  • A poor appetite. You already feel full, so you aren’t hungry often.
  • Weight loss. The rest of your body is not getting enough nutrients and calories.

If these symptoms linger for days or weeks without improving, you should call a doctor. One of the first steps they’ll take is to figure out the cause so that it can be treated. You may need to change your diet or eating schedule, or take medication.

Could It Be an Ulcer?

Sometimes stomach acid can eat away part of the lining of your small intestine or stomach. Then a shallow crater can form in the lining. This crater is called a peptic ulcer, and it can interfere with your normal digestion. Peptic ulcers are often caused by infection and develop as you get older. More men get them than women do.

Peptic ulcers may come and go over the years even if you treat them. When they flare up, you may vomit or feel the fatigue and weakness of anemia. With that condition, your body doesn’t have the iron it needs to create red blood cells that carry oxygen. But the most common symptom of peptic ulcers, not surprisingly, is pain. You may experience that pain:

  • In the upper-central part of your abdomen
  • In your back
  • As a feeling that may worsen on an empty stomach and sometimes improves with eating
  • When you try to sleep at night
  • As indigestion or heartburn

If they aren’t properly treated, peptic ulcers can eat all the way through the gut lining or wear away at the wall of a blood vessel until it bursts. That is a medical emergency, so if you are having a painful episode, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Could It Be Acid Reflux?

A kind of discomfort some people experience after eating, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is another cause of early satiety. Food or the acids your stomach uses to break it down can flow back up into your esophagus, which is the tube that connects the throat and stomach. The lining of that tube may become irritated and cause discomfort in several ways.

The most common symptom of acid reflux is heartburn, especially after you eat a big meal or certain foods. You also may deal with:

  • A bitter or sour aftertaste
  • Chest pains (If you experience shortness of breath or pain in your jaw at the same time, you should get immediate medical attention, because these symptoms can point to a heart attack.)
  • A dry cough, hoarseness, or sore throat
  • The sensation of a lump in your throat
  • Difficulty swallowing

Doctors can recommend a variety of treatments for acid reflux, from adjustments in your diet and in the timing of meals to surgery in the worst cases. Your doctor may also suggest weight loss as another way to treat it.

Could It Be Cancer?

It’s hard to think about, but a tumor in one of the organs in your abdomen also may bring on early satiety. For example, as stomach cancer gets worse, it is common for someone to feel fuller than normal. Other symptoms of cancer in the lining of your stomach include severe indigestion, nausea and vomiting, and a bloated feeling after you eat.

Tumors in the small intestine also can make you feel full despite not eating much. Symptoms of those cancers include pain in your abdomen, nausea, weight loss, and bleeding inside your intestine.

Cancer of the pancreas sometimes causes early satiety. The pancreas is an organ behind your lower stomach that aids digestion. Abdominal pain that reaches your back, loss of appetite, weight loss, and yellowing in your skin and eyes can be signs of a tumor in the pancreas.

Act Today

If any of these symptoms bother you just as your appetite drops off, then it’s smart to consult a doctor immediately. You can get started on a treatment plan that helps with the symptoms of a condition tied to early satiety.

Early satiety: Why do I feel full so quickly?

When a person eats, nerve receptors inside the stomach sense when the stomach is full. These receptors then send signals to the brain, which the brain interprets as a sensation of fullness. This process helps prevent overeating.

However, some people may feel full after consuming a very small amount of food. This is known as early satiety.

Over time, early satiety can lead to nutritional deficiencies and associated health complications.

Read on for more information about early satiety, including its symptoms, causes, and potential treatment options.

a sandwich which has not be finished because of the person had early satiety

To maintain adequate nutrient levels, a person must consume an appropriate amount of calories per day. This amount varies according to:

  • age
  • sex
  • height and weight
  • activity level
  • genes

Early satiety occurs when a person cannot eat an adequately sized meal or feels full after only a few bites. In the short-term, this can lead to nausea and vomiting. In the long-term, a person may experience nutritional deficiencies and associated health complications.

The most common symptoms of early satiety include:

  • an inability to consume a full, adequately sized meal
  • feeling full after eating a very small amount of food
  • nausea or vomiting while eating

If early satiety is due to an underlying medical condition, a person may experience additional symptoms. These symptoms will vary according to the condition.

In general, a person should talk to a doctor if early satiety is accompanied by any of the following symptoms:

  • difficulty swallowing
  • dry cough
  • sore throat
  • gas
  • bloating
  • burping
  • indigestion
  • chest pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • weight gain or loss
  • black, tarry stool
  • swollen ankles
  • poor wound healing

There are many potential causes of early satiety. Some are relatively harmless, while others are much more serious.

According to the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, one of the most common causes of early satiety is gastroparesis. This condition causes the contents of the stomach to empty slowly into the small intestine.

People with gastroparesis may experience the following symptoms in addition to early satiety:

  • bloating
  • nausea
  • heartburn
  • pain in the stomach or abdomen
  • loss of appetite

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) , one of the primary causes of gastroparesis is diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause damage to the nerves that affect the stomach and how it functions.

Some other potential causes of early satiety include:

  • stomach ulcers
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease, wherein stomach acid goes up into the esophagus, or food pipe
  • gastric outlet obstruction, wherein food cannot easily enter the small intestine
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • constipation
  • enlarged liver
  • fluid in the abdomen, or ascites
  • cancer