Pre-Employment Drug Testing

Pre-Employment Drug Testing
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Many readers are interested in the following topic: Pre-Employment Drug Testing. We are happy to note, that our authors have already studied the modern research about the topic you are interested in. Based on the information provided in the latest medical digests, modern research and surveys, we provide extensive answer. Keep reading to find out more.

Illicit drug use can always make you an undesirable candidate for most jobs, but it can put lives of other people at stake if you are applying for jobs that require operating heavy machinery. Statistics show that drug abuse cost employers more than $81 billion a year. It is for this reason only that employers make pre-employment drug test a necessary requirement before offering you a job.

What Is in Pre-Employment Drug Testing?

Pre-employment drug testing is usually required to screen an applicant for drugs like cocaine, cannabis, heroin, and other drugs prohibited by law.

Most employers usually request two types of drug screens – the 10-panel drug test and the 5-panel drug test.

  • The 5-panel drug test detects cocaine, phencyclidine (PCP), amphetamine, marijuana, and opiates such as codeine, heroin, and morphine.
  • On the other hand, the 10-panel test screens for amphetamine, cocaine, phencyclidine, methamphetamine, methadone, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, propoxyphene, marijuana, and opiates such as codeine, heroin, and morphine.

Test Types

There are different types of tests used to detect the use of illicit drugs. Here are the most common tests included in pre employment drug testing.

  • Urine tests: A urine test does not cost much –you can get a test done for $7-$50. You can perform it at home, but you will need lab verification as well. It helps detect use of illicit drug in the last 7 days of test. These tests are usually temperature tested to maintain sample integrity.
  • Saliva tests: These tests are relatively more expensive as compared to urine tests and cost between $15 and $75. Considered a relative un-intrusive, these tests can detect drug use in the past few days. Like urine tests, you can conduct these at home but will require lab processing as well. These tests are more commonly used for detection of opiates and methamphetamine and are less reliable for cannabinoids and THC.
  • Hair tests: They are a lot more expensive ($100-$150) as compared to urine and saliva tests, but their detection time is usually quite impressive. It has a higher chance of testing positive as compared to a urine test. On the upside, the results do not get affected even if someone has not used drugs in the last few days or so. It is important to use a long hair for testing because opiates may not be available on a short segment of hair. For accurate results, it is important to use a sample of hair about 1.5 inches in length. Hair tests are usually effective for detection of ecstasy, cannabis, opiates, cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, benzodiazepines, phencyclidine, and barbiturates.
  • Blood tests: A blood test is the most expensive option and is the most intrusive method of testing. It is also the most accurate way of detecting drug use. However, it is the least common method used for pre-employment drug testing.

Approximate Time that Different Drugs Stay in Your Body